This week, let’s take a look at one way to try and buy the popular Russell 2000 ETF, IWM, for 10% off its current levels. As a bonus, we’ll get paid to do so. First let’s take a look at the chart over the last 6 months:
You can see that IWM has been fairly range bound over the last 6 months, going up and down, but with very little trend. 10 percent less than its current value is about 200 (yes, I’m rounding).
Looking at the September 17th expiration (monthly), we could:
- Sell the 200 put for 1.17
- Buy the 210 put and sell 2 205 puts for a net credit of 0.90 (a 1×2 ratio spread)
We’ll take a look at the pros and cons of each.
Buy IWM for 10 percent off by selling a put
Selling a put is a straight forward play and at expiration we’ll make money as long as IWM ends above 198.83 (this is calcualted by the strike price minus the initial premium received).
If IWM ends below 200 we’ll be assigned 100 shares at the 200 level. If it ends above 200, it expires worthless. While Not exact, the thinkorswim platform calculates an almost 88% chance that the put will expire worthless
Buy IWM for 10 percent off by placing a ratio spread
The ratio spread or 1×2 is not as intuitive to newer traders. We are long one put and short two puts. Another way to look at it, is we are long a put spread and short a put. Let’s take a look at the P&L diagram:
- This spread will make $90 if IWM expires above 210.
- It will make more if it expires between 200 and 210 (Max of $590 Right at 205)
- At 199.10, we break even
- It will lose as if we were long stock below 199.10
Pros to the trade:
If we are assigned, we’ll be long shares at an equivalent of 199.10, which is almost 10% below its current value and lower than IWM has reached in the last 6 months.
This is a high probability trade, with the expected move (based on the straddle) to the downside near 210, which is our long leg.
We have a shot at a nice extra profit if IWM ends between 200 and 210
Cons to the trade:
[Insert obligatory COVID-19/pandemic comment here that anything could happen]
We need to be willing to take ownership of 100 shares at an equivalent 199.10 (Technically, we’d be buying shares at 200). This is $20k that would be allocated to the trade – but remember we went into this trade trying to buy 100 shares at a 10% discount.
$90 on $19910 of risk is not a tremendous return for the hold period. It is about 0.5% for the holding period or about 5% annualized.
One nice feature of the 1×2 is that you can adjust the expiration and strikes to tweak the risk/reward parameters based on your preferences.
Counter point to the %return con:
While strictly our risk is $19910, the probability of IWM going to 0 approaches zero. This would mean that all ~2000 companies go bankrupt and their shares become worthless. As an ETF based on an index, if a company does go bankrupt, it will almost certainly be replaced with another (not bankrupt) company.
The point is that our risk is likely quite a bit less, which increases our notional return on risk.
In addition, we have an opportunity to make quite a bit more than the $90 if IWM ends up between 200 and 210. A good example of this was in a free trade we provided on SPY (Go Long Spy at Lower Levels).
On portfolio margin the trade will use approximately $1330 of margin. For those that consider return on margin, this is obviously a much more favorable potential return percentage.
As a reminder, placing this trade requires one to buy IWM for 10 percent off. The ratio spread is another way for traders to try and get long at lower levels and have the potential for a higher return than simply selling a put.
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